The importance of knowing the food pyramid well

The food pyramid is the base on which a healthy and balanced diet has to be established. Its importance is enormous since it not only tells us which foods are the best to nourish ourselves correctly but also gives us guidelines on how many times we should eat some foods each week.

The base of the food pyramid:

They are the foods that we have to eat most frequently since among bread, cereals, pasta, and potatoes they recommend a minimum of 4 servings a day, taking into account that it is better to be whole-grain products. The water is also in that strip of the pyramid since you should drink between a liter and a half of water and two every day.

Fruits and vegetables:

It is the second step in the food pyramid and here are fruits, which are recommended to be eaten three times a day, and vegetables, with a recommendation of two a day, one of them being a varied salad. Olive oil is also located in this band with between 3 and 6 daily servings between the dressing of dishes and salads and its use for cooking.

Dairy and protein:

Two servings of dairy a day are recommended between milk, yogurts, cheeses, etc. But, in addition, in this step of the food pyramid, we find the greatest source of protein since there are fish, eggs, legumes, nuts, and lean meats, such as poultry. It is recommended between 1 and 3 daily servings of these foods, alternating them throughout the week.

Fatty meats:

Sausages, red meat, and butter are part of the penultimate step of the food pyramid. This means that its consumption must be occasional to have a balanced diet.


At the top of the food pyramid are those products that we should avoid eating and that, if we do, it should be occasionally. These are products with excess fat derived from sugar that they contain, such as sweets, pastries, ice cream, or soft drinks with sugar.

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